In the event of a work injury involving a construction site, the issue of whether the injured party is an employee or an independent contractor often arises. The resolution of this issue can have a drastic impact on the rights of an injured worker to recover workers' compensation benefits.
Generally speaking, workers' compensation insurance is required under Pennsylvania law to cover employees injured in the course and scope of the performance of their employment. Employees is synonymous with servant and includes all natural persons who perform services for another for valuable consideration. If the manner and means of performing the work resides in a master, tools and other implements of work are supplied by the master, and taxes are withheld, the servant is an employee of the master. Workers' compensation insurance is not, however, required to cover independent contractors who sustain injury in the course of the performance of the contract.
An individual who performs services in the construction industry for remuneration is an independent contractor only if all three of the following criteria are satisfied:
An independently established trade, occupation, profession or business is defined as someone who:
An independent contractor is not an employee because of the absence of a master/servant relationship. The key factors in determining whether someone is an independent contractor or an employee include the terms of the agreement between the parties; the nature of the work or occupation; the skill required for performance; whether the one employed is engaged in a distinct occupation or business; which party supplies the tools; whether payment is by time or by the job; whether work is part of the regular business of the employer; and the right to terminate employment at any time. The primary factor, however, is the right to control either the work to be done or the manner in which the work is to be performed. Control in an employment relationship exists where the alleged employer has the right to select the employee, the right and power to discharge the employee, the power to direct the manner of performance, and the power to control the employee.
If you are injured in the course of a construction job, you should contact one of our experienced attorneys to determine whether you can pursue a workers' compensation claim. At ACA Law, We Fight for What's Right!